cicatricial ectropion

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cic·a·tri·cial ec·tro·pi·on

ectropion of the eyelids after burns, lacerations, or skin infection and caused by shortening or contraction of the anterior and/or middle lamellae.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Inward turning of the eyelid. It results in the eyelashes rubbing the cornea (as in trichiasis) and this usually causes discomfort. The most common cause of entropion that occurs in old people (called involutional entropion) and only affects the lower eyelid is due to a combination of atrophy and weakening of the tarsus, loss of tone of the subcutaneous tissues and loss of elasticity of the skin. Other causes are scarring (e.g. trachoma, Stevens-Johnson syndrome), burns of the palpebral conjunctiva (called cicatricial entropion) which may affect either the upper or the lower eyelid, or spasm of the orbicularis muscle often resulting from an ocular inflammation or lid infection (called acute spastic entropion) which may subside spontaneously once the original cause has been removed. Temporary relief of entropion may be provided by the taping of the lower eyelid to the cheek but the treatment is usually surgical. See ectropion; therapeutic soft contact lens; orthopaedic spectacles; tarsus; trichiasis.
cicatricial entropion; involutional entropion See entropion.
congenital e . A rare congenital inversion of the eyelid usually associated with tarsal hypoplasia or microphthalmia. It may be confused with epiblepharon. If treatment is needed it is surgical, although many cases resolve spontaneously with time.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann
References in periodicals archive?
Two studies have analysed the effect and complication rates of HA in the primary management of cicatricial ectropion. (13, 14) Each eyelid was injected with 1ml of Restylane/ Q-med, (13) in the preseptal and infraciliary region using the technique described by Fezza.
The authors of both papers believe that fillers are a useful alternative to surgical correction of cicatricial ectropion. It is believed that the primary mode of action is to act as a tissue expander.
(1) Skin marking was used for cases with cicatricial ectropion (see case 1, Figures 1(a) and 1(b)).
Patients with cicatricial ectropion who do not improve with conservative treatment often require surgical intervention to prevent vision-threatening corneal exposure.
Not only does the myocutaneous flap from the lower lid have similar skin color and texture, and less donor site morbidity, but also it achieved concurrent vertical lengthening and horizontal shortening of the lower eyelid to reduce the incidence of recurrent cicatricial ectropion.
Malhotra, "Nonsurgical treatment of congenital ichthyosis cicatricial ectropion and eyelid retraction using Restylane hyaluronic acid," British Journal of Dermatology, vol.
Leone, "Bipedicle Myocutaneous Flap Repair of Cicatricial Ectropion," Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, vol.
Mellette, ""Boomerang technique:" Simple excision with periosteal suspension for correction of mild-To-moderate cicatricial ectropion," Dermatologic Surgery, vol.
Perry, "Cicatricial ectropion in a patient treated with dupilumab," American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports, vol.